ASSOCIATED VETERINARY SPECIALISTS' INTERNAL MEDICINE VETERINARIANS PROVIDE THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF CARE FOR OUR VETERINARY PATIENTS.
Colonoscopy is endoscopic examination of the rectum, colon and cecum. On occasion it is possible to examine the ileum as well. Pets with diseases of the colon often have diarrhea with fresh blood, mucus, straining to defecate and urgency to defecate. They often pass frequent, small stools. Both cats and dogs suffer from these problems. Colonoscopy requires a fasting period and a stay in the hospital for "clean out" of the colon which can include the administration of the human product : Golytely and the administration of enemas.
General anesthesia is required for complete examination of the colon. Pets undergoing a colonscopy usually stay in the hospital for at least 24 hours, first for clean out, then for the procedure. After examination of the rectum, colon and cecum, biopsy samples are obtained and submitted for evaluation by a pathologist.